Birthstones by Month – Overview
Below is a list of the birthstones by month. Learn about the birthstone colors, the birthstone properties, the healing powers of the birthstone, the symbolism of the birthstone, where the birthstone can be found, and largest stone of its kind that has been found. Several months have more than one birthstone. The birthstone chart shows the birthstones’ colors for a quick reference.
Click image to enlarge the birthstone chart.
January Birthstone – Garnet
Garnet is the birthstone for January. While the most popular color of a garnet is reddish-brown, it is found in other colors such as purple, pink, violet, green, yellow, orange, red, brown, black, and even colorless. Garnets were used for beads and jewelry in ancient Egypt over 5,000 years ago. Garnet was very popular in ancient Rome and Greece, and in Sumeria, Sweden, and Europe during the Middle Ages. The garnet was used as a sacred stone by Indians throughout the world. In ancient times, the garnet was used as a talisman and was a prized jewel. Learn more about garnet, the January birthstone.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT GARNET
Mined in: Africa, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, the Czech Republic, India, Malaysia, Pakistan, Russia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Ukraine, Uruguay, and the U.S
January birthstone color: Reddish-brown.
Symbolism & meaning:Passionate devotion, friendship, vitality, balance, purification, love, strong, intense feelings.
Zodiac sign: Aquarius
Derives from: The Latin name, granatum, a pomegranate
Shop: Garnet jewelry – shop for garnet necklaces, earrings, rings, and bracelets.
Photo gallery: See our Pinterest photo gallery of garnet jewelry
Photo credit: Photo from Wikimedia Commons
February Birthstone – Amethyst
Amethyst is the birthstone for February. The amethyst’s purple tones range from deep, dark violet, to the less coveted pale lavender. The gem’s rich color is associated with royalty and nobility. The amethyst is said to have been Catherine the Great’s favorite gemstone and dark-hued stones are found in today’s British Crown Jewels. It is important to keep amethyst jewerly away from the sun, as heat strips the gem of color and causes it to turn yellow. Evidence points to the use of amethysts by Egyptian nobility around 3,000 B.C., when it was used in pendants, bracelets, and crowns. In ancient history, the amethyst was believed to be a “gem of fire” and was considered to be a precious stone valued as much as a diamond. Amethyst stones mined from South America tend to be bigger in size, but smaller stones mined from Africa are thought to have superior color. Learn more about the February birthstone.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT AMETHYST
Mined in: Brazil, Uraguay, Africa, South Korea, Russia, United States.
February birthstone color: From deep, dark violet to pale lavender.
Symbolism & meaning : The amethyst birthstone symbolizes sincerity and security, spirituality and contentment.
Zodiac sign: Pisces
Derives from: The Greek word, ametusthis.
Shop: Amethyst jewelry – Shop for amethyst necklaces, earrings, rings, and bracelets.
Photo gallery: See our Pinterest photo gallery of amethyst jewelry
Photo credit: Didier Descouens (Own work) via Wikimedia Commons
March Birthstone – Aquamarine
Aquamarine, the birthstone for March, symbolizes loyalty, honesty, and beauty. Aquamarine is a pastel stone that is greenish-blue in color. The name is derived from Latin, meaning “sea” and “water.” Hues range from a nearly colorless whitish-blue to a rich teal, but the most valued color is a vivid blue aqua shade. Because of its durability, aquamarine is often used in rings. However, many believe that its beautiful color is better suited to more delicate settings of earrings and pendants. In the U.S., aquamarine deposits are found in the eastern states of Connecticut, Maine, North Carolina, Vermont, and New Hampshire, as well as Colorado. Aquamarine is also mined in India, Russia, Nigeria, and Pakistan, but the best gems are said to come from Brazil. Learn more about aquamarine – the March birthstone.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT AQUAMARINE
Mined in: India, U.S., Australia, Afghanistan, Russia, Nigeria, Pakistan, China, and Brazil
March birthstone color: from pale-blue, to greenish-blue, to sky-blue, to blue-green
Symbolism & meaning: Aquamarine symbolizes loyalty, honesty and beauty
Zodiac sign: Pisces
Derives from: Latin words, aqua (water) and marina (the sea)
April Birthstone – Diamond
Diamond, the birthstone for April, is a precious gemstone and is the most popular of all gemstones. A diamond is a mineral compound made of pure carbon and is the hardest natural substance on the planet. For this reason, diamonds should always be stored separately, as they can damage other jewelry. They are so strong, they can only be cut or polished by another diamond. The name itself is derived from the Greek word, adamus, which means “invincible.” The diamond is typically colorless, but yellow, brown, green, gray, black, pink, blue, red, and purple stones can also be found along the diamond color spectrum. Jewelry-grade diamonds are rated based on color from bluish-white to yellow, and on clarity, which ranges from pure to various levels of flawed. Diamonds are measured in carats—the higher the carat weight and purity level of a stone, the more valuable the gem. Learn more about the diamond – the April birthstone.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT DIAMOND
Mined in: Angola, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Botswana, Tanzania, Lesotho, Russia, India, Australia, and North America
April birthstone color: Transparent, silvery
Symbolism & meaning: Inner strength, invincible, balance, clarity and abundance
Zodiac sign: Aries
Derives from: Greek word, adamus
May Birthstone – Emerald
Emerald, the birthstone for May, is a precious gemstone and represents wisdom, faith, success in love, and domestic bliss. Known for its brilliant green color, emerald can also have blue or yellow undertones and loses all color when subjected to high heat. The earliest emeralds were mined in Upper Egypt as early as 2,000 B.C. They were mined throughout the reign of Alexander the Great and were well-loved and collected by Cleopatra. The Aztecs and Incas also coveted emeralds, and the Moguls of India revered them so much they inscribed the gems with sacred text to be used to ward off evil. Historically, emeralds have been mined from Russia, Austria, Australia, and Norway. Today, the majority of emeralds are found in Brazil, Zambia, and Colombia. Learn more about the emerald – the May birthstone.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT EMERALD
Mined in: Brazil, Zambia and Colombia, Pakistan, Russia, Afghanistan, Egypt, Austria, China, Australia, India, Cambodia, and U.S
May Birthstone color: brilliant green with yellow and blue undertones
Symbolism & meaning: Wisdom, faith, and domestic bliss or success in love
Zodiac sign: Taurus
Derives from: Latin word, smaragdus
June Birthstone – Pearl, Alexandrite, and Moonstone
The month of June has three birthstones – Pearl, Alexandrite, and Moonstone. However, the pearl is the most popular.
A pearl symbolizes success, happiness, and love. Unlike most other gemstones, pearls are not mined. The most highly valued pearls are created inside of saltwater oysters and freshwater clams whose shells are lined with mother-of-pearl, or nacre. Pearls from other mollusks lack the desired luster and are considered to be of less value. When a foreign particle enters the mollusk’s mantle, shell-secreting cells attach themselves to the particle and form a protective barrier. The resulting pearl is measured in grains and is more sensitive to elements such as humidity, acid, and dryness than other gemstones. Cultured pearls are essentially the same as those found in nature, the only difference being that a foreign particle is intentionally inserted into the mollusk with the express purpose of creating a gemstone. The process of “pearling” began before 1,000 B. C. in China and continues today in many freshwater and saltwater areas of the world. Learn more about the pearl – the June birthstone.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT PEARLS
Mined in: Pearls are not mined, but formed inside those freshwater clams and saltwater oysters whose shells have mother-of-pearl (nacre) lining. Today’s pearls are found in Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Mannar, the South Pacific, Japan, Australia, Europe and the Pacific coast of Mexico
June birthstone pearl color: Popular colors are white and black, but exist in numerous shades including green, purple, red and pink
Symbolism & meaning : Also known as the stone of sincerity, pearls symbolize purity, success, happiness and love
Zodiac sign: Gemini
Derives from: Latin word, pirum
Alexandrite, the second birthstone for June, is bluish green in color but it turns into purple-red or violet when it is exposed to daylight. It was first discovered in Russian emerald mines and named after the then reigning prince of Russia, Alexander II. Alexandrite is a scarce formation of the mineral chrysoberyl and has some hints of chromium – the coloring agent that makes this gem change its color. Today, alexandrite, the June birthstone is mined in Burma, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Brazil, India and Madagascar, but a fine stone is very rare and thus extremely valued. It is believed to enhance intuition, imagination and creativity. It also has the healing powers to cure Leukemia, illnesses related to the spleen and pancreas, and promote regeneration of neurological muscles.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT ALEXANDRITE
Mined in: Burma, Russia, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Brazil, India, Zimbabwe, and Madagascar
June birthstone Alexandrite color: Bluish green to purple-red
Symbolism & meaning: Intuition, creativity and imagination
Zodiac sign: Gemini
Derives from: Russia’s Prince, Alexander II
Moonstone, the third birthstone for June, bears its name from its blue color which reflects a silvery play of tones that appear like phases of the moon when light shines on it. It is composed of fine layers of feldspar and albite that make the stone look like it’s textured. Moonstones come in various colors including gray, blue, peach, yellow, pink and green. Today, the gem is found in Sri Lanka, Brazil, India, Myanmar, Australia and Madagascar. June birthstone moonstone is associated with astral magic and mystery. It possesses calming and balancing energies that influence the natural biological clock. This is why it is applied in treatment of fertility problems.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT MOONSTONE
Mined in: Sri Lanka, Brazil, India, Myanmar, Australia and Madagascar
June birthstone moonstone color: Various colors including gray, blues, peach, yellow and green
Symbolism & meaning: Passion, calmness
Zodiac sign: Gemini
Derives from: The moon’s phase and color, blue with silvery play of hues makes it appear like the moon’s phases
July Birthstone – Ruby
Ruby, the birthstone for July, is a pink to deep red precious gemstone. The name comes from the Latin word for red, ruber. Rubies are said to attract good luck for the wearer. Ancient Hindus believed rubies were a sign of protection from evil. Today, ruby has come to symbolize love and passion. Rubies were also highly prized by ancient Chinese warriors who were known to wear rubies on their armor. Most rubies today are mined in Africa and Southeast Asia. The largest mined ruby weighing in at four pounds, the Liberty Bell Ruby, was stolen in a heist in 2011.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT RUBY
Mined in: African countries like Kenya, Tanzania, and Madagascar, in Thailand, Burma, Myanmar, Pakistan United States and Brazil
July birthstone color: pink to deep bluish red
Symbolism & meaning: Love and passion
Zodiac sign: Cancer
Derives from: Latin word, ruber
August Birthstone – Peridot
Peridot, the birthstone for August, is one of the few gemstones to occur in one color, naturally – olive green. The intensity of the color depends on the amount of iron in the crystal formation. The name of the gem is Old French in origin, and is said to have been first mentioned in the will of a bishop. He bequeathed three rings to the St. Albans Abbey, one being peridot. The peridot is very often confused with the emerald, and is sometimes called “the evening emerald.” It is said to symbolize strength, and if set in gold, will protect the wearer from evil dreams.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT PERIDOT
Mined in : Arizona, Pakistan, China and Myanmar. New sources include Mexico, Oregon, Russia, Sri Lanka and Norway
August birthstone color: Olive green
Symbolism & meaning: symbolizes strength, truth, and loyalty. Can bring happiness, love, dignity, and strengthen friendship
Zodiac sign: Leo
Derives from: Old French word, peritot
September Birthstone – Sapphire
Sapphire, the birthstone for September, comes in a variety of colors, but are mostly associated with blue hues. A sapphire of another color, like pink, white or yellow, is generally called a fancy sapphire. The blue sapphire represents peace and serenity. It is seen many times in ancient religious writing to symbolize purity, wisdom, loyalty and faith. The sapphire is a precious gemstone, along with diamonds, emeralds, and rubies. They are mined throughout Africa and Asia, but can be found in Australia and the U.S.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT SAPPHIRE
Mined in: Cambodia, Burma, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Australia, Tanzania, Nigeria, China, Kashmir, the U.S and Thailand
September birthstone color: deep rich blue, but there can be fancy sapphire in pink, white and yellow, among others
Symbolism & meaning: according to Christianity, deep blue color of sapphire symbolizes heavenly grace. It also represents truth, honesty, purity
Zodiac sign: Virgo
Derives from: Greek word, sappheiros
October Birthstone – Opal
Opal, the birthstone for October, represents hope and innocence. The name “opal” can mean “to see a change in color” and is derived from the Latin word opalus, or stone. Most opals are white with iridescence, but they can be black or even transparent with flecks of red or yellow. Opals are a gem formed by non-crystalline silica gel that seeped into crevices of ancient rock. Through time and nature’s heating and molding processes, the gel hardened into opals. The almost three dimensional repeating patterns give an opal its radiance. The October birthstone is found most often in the U.S., Mexico, and Australia.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT OPAL
Mined in: Mexico, Australia, Brazil, Colombia, and the U.S.
October birthstone color: Black, white. Opals have delicate tints of diverse hues when observed from different angles
Symbolism & meaning: hope, innocence, purity. Influences loyalty, confidence, happiness and faithfulness
Zodiac sign: Libra
Derives from: Greek, opallos
November Birthstone – Topaz and Citrine
Topaz and Citrine are the birthstones for November, which is among the few months that have more than one birthstone.
Topaz can come in a variety of colors, but the prized Imperial Topaz, adored by Russian Czars, is orange with pink undertones. Named for an island, Topazos, in the Red Sea where the Romans found the gem, it has come to symbolize consistency, faithfulness and friendship. Topaz is thought to have healing properties to help breathing disorders, like asthma and tuberculosis. The topaz is mined on nearly every continent and has been found in sizes as big as boulders in Brazil. Learn more about topaz, the November birthstone.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT TOPAZ
Mined in: Nigeria, Sri Lanka, China, Pakistan and, Brazil
November birthstone color: Reddish-orange-brown, blue, purple
Symbolism & meaning: associated with loyalty, friendship and constancy.
Zodiac sign: Scorpio
Derives from: Indian, Sanskrit word, topas, Red Sea Island, Topazos
Citrine, the name of November’s second birthstone stands for “lemon” in French, because its color is close to that of the fruit. Naturally, citrine is pale yellow in color, or orange. However, jewelers use heat-treated stones to make citrine ornaments of richer and deeper tones. It belongs to the family of quartz crystal and was originally mined in Topazios Island, Egypt. Today, citrine is mined in Russia, France and Brazil. Also referred to as the “success stone,” wearing citrine can bring prosperity in business, attract wealth, encourage stamina and positive energy, as well as promote positive energy. In ancient times, it was given to women by sun gods to protect them against evil.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT CITRINE
Mined in: Brazil, Russia, and France
November birthstone color: Pale yellow or Orange
Symbolism & meaning: Happiness, positive energy and stamina, success and prosperity
Zodiac sign: Scorpio
Derives from: French word, citrine
December Birthstone – Turquoise, Tanzanite, and Zircon
December has three birthstones; turquoise, tanzanite, and zircon – collectively known for their dazzling shades of blue. Learn more about the December birthstone.
Turquoise, the first birthstone for December, is a green-blue stone with sky blue tones that has existed since the 13th century. It was originally worn by ancient Egyptians and widely recognized as the national gemstone of Tibet. It derives its name from the French expression pierre tourques which means “Turkish stone.” They referred it so because the stone was brought to Europe from Turkey. Today, this December birthstone is mined in Egypt, Iran, the U.S and Sinai. It symbolizes love, fidelity, joy and delight. Wearing turquoise jewelry is believed to relive mental tensions and enhance confidence in communication.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT TURQUOISE
Mined in: the U.S, Egypt, the Sinai and Iran
December birthstone Turquoise color: Brilliant icy blue, green-blue tint
Symbolism & meaning: Love and fidelity, confidence in communication
Zodiac sign: Sagittarius
Derives from: French word, turquoise
Tanzanite, another December birthstone, derives its name from an East African state, Tanzania, where it was discovered in 1960’s and the only place it has been found up-to-date. It is a brilliant stone which can exist in numerous hues of purples and blues. It is mostly heat treated to amplify its natural color. However, the most valuable tanzanite stones come in vivid violet-blue color. Because of its ability to alleviate stress and reduce blood pressure, it is used to treat anxiety, depression, worry and fear.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT TANZANITE
Mined in: Tanzania
December birthstone Tanzanite color: purples and blues
Symbolism & meaning: Intuition, spiritual awareness
Zodiac sign: Sagittarius
Derives from: East African State of Tanzania
Zircon is the third magnificent gem associated with December birthdays. It comes in various colors including blue, orange, green, yellow and red. Its popular color is blue and can be heat-treated to obtain colorless and gold zircon. Many people confuse this spectacular gem with synthetic cubic zirconia because of their analogous names and common use as diamond stimulants. However, zircon is a natural crystal whose existence on earth dates back over 4.4 billion years. It derives its name from Persian (modern Iran) term zargun that stands for “gold-colored.” Today, zircon is found in South Africa, Australia the USA, Russia and Brazil. The December birthstone zircon symbolizes prosperity, wisdom, honor and self-respect. It has healing powers to cure allergies and asthma, gallbladder and liver complication as well as promote common sense.
QUICK FACTS ABOUT ZIRCON
Mined in: South Africa, Australia, Russia, Brazil and the USA
December birthstone zircon color: Blue, red, orange, green and yellow
Symbolism & meaning: Prosperity, wisdom, honor and self-respect
Zodiac sign: Sagittarius
Derives from: Arabic words, zar and gun